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Handy tips and instructions on "How To" perform a range of small animal tasks.  Don't forget to check out our "How To" exotics pages for our more exotic small friends too.  New “How To” articles and links are added weekly as we build up a library of useful procedures.

  Collection and preparation of smears for cytological examination How to collect and prepare smears, thanks to BMJ and In Practice

How To - Anaesthesia (small)

vasg.org logo Constant Rate Infusions How to set up various constant rate infusions for analgesia including MLK recipe. Thanks to Veterinary Anaesthesia & Analgesia Support Group
  In Practice: Alpha2-adrenoceptor agonists in small animal practice 1. Why they do what they do Simple article on alpha 2 agonists in SA practice. Thanks to Inpractice.

How To - cardiology (small)

youtube.com logo Cardiac Ultrasound - 1 An introduction to performing an echo. A short video by BCF Technology Vet Kimberly Palgrave filmed in association with The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.
youtube.com logo Cardiac Ultrasound - 2 Equipment and patient preparation. A short video by BCF Technology Vet Kimberly Palgrave filmed in association with The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.
youtube.com logo Cardiac Ultrasound - 3 Ultrasound machine setup. A short video by BCF Technology Vet Kimberly Palgrave filmed in association with The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.
youtube.com logo Cardiac Ultrasound - 4 Right parasternal long axis 4 chamber view. A short video by BCF Technology Vet Kimberly Palgrave filmed in association with The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.
youtube.com logo Cardiac Ultrasound - 5 Right parasternal long axis 5 chamber view. A short video by BCF Technology Vet Kimberly Palgrave filmed in association with The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.
youtube.com logo Cardiac Ultrasound - 6 Right parasternal short axis view (Papillary Muscles). A short video by BCF Technology Vet Kimberly Palgrave filmed in association with The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.
youtube.com logo Cardiac Ultrasound - 7 Right parasternal short axis view (Mitral Valve). A short video by BCF Technology Vet Kimberly Palgrave filmed in association with The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.
youtube.com logo Cardiac Ultrasound - 8 Right parasternal short axis view (LA and Aortic Valve). A short video by BCF Technology Vet Kimberly Palgrave filmed in association with The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.
youtube.com logo Cardiac Ultrasound - 9 Overview of standard right sided views. A short video by BCF Technology Vet Kimberly Palgrave filmed in association with The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies.
http://www.uk-ireland.bcftechnology.com/ logo Cardiac Ultrasound Measurements How to take measurements of the Left atrium-aortic root ratio, fractional shortening and ejection fraction. Thanks to BCF.
cardioacademy.cevalearn.com logo Clinical Examination of the Cardiac Dog A short online video of how to take a history and perform a clinical exam on a dog with suspected cardiac disease. Part of the Ceva Cardio Academy.
vets.vetmedin.co.uk logo Interpret Cardiac Radiographs An excellent concise guide to interpreting cardiac radiographs. Thanks to Vetmedin. Sign in to VetGrad for access.
vets.vetmedin.co.uk logo Take Thoracic Radiographs How To take good thoracic radiographs. Thanks to Vetmedin. Sign in to VetGrad for access.
vets.vetmedin.co.uk logo Treat Congestive Heart Failure A guide on how to treat congestive heart failure. Thanks to Vetmedin.
vets.vetmedin.co.uk logo Vertebral Heart Score How to calculate a vertebral heart score a pictoral guide. Only available when signed in.

How To - Dermatology (small)

lilly.co.uk logo Flea Allergy Dermatitis Work-up How To work up a suspected case of FAD in a dog. Thanks to Elanco.
ivis.org logo Useful article on dealing with Canine and Feline Nail disorders. How to diagnose and treat Feline and Canine Nail disorders, Thanks to IVIS and the NAVC.
  Slideshow: Cytology sample interpretation A slideshow on dermatology cytology interpretation. Thanks to DVM360 and Dr. Wayne Rosenkrantz
ivis.org logo Dermatology History "Dermatologic History" in "Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner", Mueller R.S. - thanks to IVIS
ivis.org logo Dermatology Tests "Specific Tests in Small Animal Dermatology" in "Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner", Mueller R.S. - thanks to IVIS.
ivis.org logo Dermatology Trial "Diagnostic Trials" in "Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner", Mueller R.S. - thanks to IVIS.
ivis.org logo Describe Dermatology Lesions Taken from "Dermatologic Examination" in "Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner", Mueller R.S. - thanks to IVIS.
ivis.org logo Treat Bacterial Skin Infections "Treatment of Bacterial Infections" in "Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner", Mueller R.S. - thanks to IVIS.
ivis.org logo Treat Pruritis "Treatment of Puritis" in "Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner", Mueller R.S. - thanks to IVIS.

How To - Imaging (small)

Please also see "How To - Cardiology (small)", above for cardiology imaging.

youtube.com logo Introduction and Ultrasound Machine Controls A short ‘how to’ video by BCF vet Kimberly Palgrave. Thanks to BCF Technology and The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies e-learning unit.
veterinarywebinars.com logo Thoracic radiograph mini series Useful document on reading thoracic radiographs. This section focused on lower airways and lung fields.
http://www.uk-ireland.bcftechnology.com/ logo Ultrasound guided biopsy technique video A really useful video on how to do an ultrasound guided biopsy. Thanks to BCF Technology
http://www.uk-ireland.bcftechnology.com/ logo Ultrasound guided biopsy technique video A really useful video on how to do a ultrasound guided biopsy. Thanks to BCF
http://www.uk-ireland.bcftechnology.com/ logo BCF Small Animal Imaging Guide A quick guide to positioning for Small animal Imaging. Thanks to BCF technology
http://www.uk-ireland.bcftechnology.com/ logo X-ray Exposure Charts Downloadable exposure charts for small animal X-ray exposures. Thanks to BCF.
http://www.uk-ireland.bcftechnology.com/ logo Foetal Ageing (Canine and Feline) How to age canine and feline foetus using ultrasound. Thanks to BCF.
youtube.com logo Completing the abdominal ultrasound exam A short ‘how to’ video by BCF vet Kimberly Palgrave. Thanks to BCF Technology and The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies e-learning unit.
youtube.com logo Ultrasound exam of the abdominal GI tract A short ‘how to’ video by BCF vet Kimberly Palgrave. Thanks to BCF Technology and The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies e-learning unit.
youtube.com logo Ultrasound exam of the urinary bladder A short ‘how to’ video by BCF vet Kimberly Palgrave. Thanks to BCF Technology and The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies e-learning unit.
youtube.com logo Ultrasound exam of the kidney A short ‘how to’ video by BCF vet Kimberly Palgrave. Thanks to BCF Technology and The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies e-learning unit.
youtube.com logo Ultrasound exam of the spleen A short ‘how to’ video by BCF vet Kimberly Palgrave. Thanks to BCF Technology and The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies e-learning unit.
youtube.com logo Ultrasound exam of the liver A short ‘how to’ video by BCF vet Kimberly Palgrave. Thanks to BCF Technology and The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies e-learning unit.
youtube.com logo Ultrasound patient preparation A short ‘how to’ video by BCF vet Kimberly Palgrave. Thanks to BCF Technology and The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies e-learning unit.
youtube.com logo The ultrasound probe A short ‘how to’ video by BCF vet Kimberly Palgrave. Thanks to BCF Technology and The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies e-learning unit.
http://www.uk-ireland.bcftechnology.com/ logo FAST Scanning abdomen in dogs How to see all the different views including diaphramaticohepatic view, pplenorenal view, cystocolic view and hepatorenal view. Thanks to the BCF

How To - Medicine (small)

bsava.com logo Abdominocentesis Page 10 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo ACTH Response Test Page 12 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
ivis.org logo Analgesia in Dogs "Options for Analgesia in Dogs" by L.A. Wetmore, taken from "Recent Advances in Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia: Companion Animals", Gleed R.D. and Ludders J.W. - thanks to IVIS.
bsava.com logo Anaphylaxis - treatment of Page 14 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Aseptic preparation Page 18 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Barium studies Page 24 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Blood pressure monitoring Page 31 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Blood sample - arterial Page 36 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Blood sample - venous Page 39 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Blood smear - make a Page 43 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Blood Transfusion Page 44 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Bone Biopsy Page 55 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Bone Marrow Aspiration Page 57 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL) Page 61 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Bronchoscopy Page 63 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Buccal Mucosal Bleeding Time Page 65 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
dechra.co.uk logo Calculate Infusion Rates and Losses An easy to follow table to work out infusion rates and fluid deficits for IV fluid therapy for dogs and cats
bsava.com logo CardioPulmonary-CerebralResuscitation (CPCR) Page 67 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Cardiorespiratory Examination Page 76 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Cerebrospinal Fluid Sampling Page 86 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
  Chocolate Poisoning How to treat chocolate poisoning. Taken from the Merck Veterinary manual, however I would suggest using Maropitant (Cerenia) to control emesis if required rather them metoclopramide.
defra.gov.uk logo Complete a Pet Passport The current guidance notes on completing the new type of pet passport that came into effect on 28th December 2014
bsava.com logo Cystocentesis Page 93 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Dexamethasone Suppression Tests Page 96 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage Page 98 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
cal.vet.upenn.edu logo ECG Interpretation How to read ECGs including examples of a wide range of abnormalities. Thanks to University of Pennsylvania.
ivis.org logo Interpret Haematology Results How to interpret the haemogram - thanks to IVIS. You must sign in to IVIS to access this resource.
veterinarywebinars.com logo Naso-oesophageal Tube Placement How to place a naso-oesophageal tube in a cat in an excellent 5 minute video. Thanks to CPD Solutions.
  Overview of Neurological disease Useful very simple overview of neuro disease. Thanks to VNC
  Safely unobstructing the bladder of an obstructed male cat? Good helps and tips on dealing with blocked cats. Thanks to Hills and Minnesota Uroloith centre.
royalcanin.co.uk logo Urine Crystal Identification A guide to identifying the different crystals found in urine sediment. Please follow the link and wait for the file to download. The guide may also be obtained from your Royal Canin Veterinary Business Manager.
youtube.com logo Vertebral Heart Scoring This excellent video by BCF Technology vet, Kimberly Palgrave, tells you How To perform a vertebral heart score. Thanks to BCF Technology.

How To - Soft tissue surgery (small)

vetgrad.co.uk logo order test test link
  Video on pre- pubertal neutering for cats. This short video will take you through the neutering male and female kittens from pre-medication to recovery. Thanks to Cats Protection.
ivis.org logo Analgesia in Dogs "Options for Analgesia in Dogs" by L.A. Wetmore, taken from "Recent Advances in Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia: Companion Animals", Gleed R.D. and Ludders J.W. - thanks to IVIS.
bsava.com logo Aseptic preparation Page 18 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Gastric Tube Placement - Surgical Page 128 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.

How To - Orthopaedics (small)

  The approach to the feline disrupted stifle joint. Useful resource to show the approach and diagnosis of feline stifle joint disruption. Thanks to Ireland Veterinary journal and RVC.
ivis.org logo Analgesia in Dogs "Options for Analgesia in Dogs" by L.A. Wetmore, taken from "Recent Advances in Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia: Companion Animals", Gleed R.D. and Ludders J.W. - thanks to IVIS.
bsava.com logo Arthrocentesis Page 14 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Aseptic preparation Page 18 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Bone Biopsy Page 55 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Cast Application Page 83 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
bsava.com logo Cranial Draw Test Page 92 of the PDF - From BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice. BSAVA members, follow the link and LOGIN then select "Access the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice >>" for free access. Remember if you graduated this year you automatically qualify for FREE BSAVA membership until December.
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